Streptococcal Meningitis

calendar icon 8 November 2018
clock icon 3 minute read
See also chapter 9; Streptococcal infections for further information.

Grower pig with Streptococcal meningitis
Grower pig with Streptococcal meningitis
Piglets with Streptococcal meningitis
Piglets with Streptococcal meningitis
(382) Meningitis denotes inflammation of the meninges which are the membranes covering the brain. In the sucking piglet it is usually caused by Streptococcus suis, Haemophilus parasuis, or sometimes bacteria such as E. coli and other streptococci. S. suis has many serotypes. In most countries S. suis type 1 is the main one in sucking piglets, but this may not be true in other countries. For example in Denmark it is type 7. S. suis also causes joint problems particularly types 1 and 14. S. suis is carried for long periods in the tonsils and may be transmitted to the sucking piglet from the sow or from other piglets. The sow also provides a variable level of immunity in the colostrum. Streptococcal meningitis in sucking piglets is sporadic occurring occasionally in individual piglets. S. suis type 1 occasionally cause meningitis but more commonly joint infections. Meningitis in piglets is more commonly caused by Haemophilus parasuis or glässers disease.

Clinical signs

These are rapid in onset, the piglet lying on its belly and shivering. When presented with such symptoms also consider scour or joint infections from a septicaemia.

Meningitis is characterised by a continual movement of the eyes from one side to the other (nystagmus) and this is an early diagnostic symptom together with shivering and shaking, paddling and convulsions. In acute cases the piglet may just be found dead. Streptococcal meningitis may be worse in sucking pigs when the organism has been introduced into the herd for the first time, or where it is secondary to infection with PRRS.


The organism must be isolated from the meninges of clinically affected pigs and identified in a laboratory.


  • If your herd has a problem always examine the at risk pigs twice daily to identify and treat affected pigs early.
  • Streptococcus suis is usually sensitive to penicillin, synthetic penicillin's or sulphonamides.
  • Injections of penicillin should be given twice daily.
  • Good nursing is equally important because the condition is very painful. Remove the piglet during the first 3 to 6 hours from the litter to a warm environment and carefully supplement it with milk via a stomach tube.
Similar diseases

Consider joint infections, glässers disease, generalised septicaemia, salt poisoning, aujeszky's disease and hypoglycaemia.

Management control and prevention

  • It is possible to vaccinate the sow using an autogenous vaccine to improve the colostral immunity.
  • The sow can be injected with long-acting penicillin just before farrowing.
  • The litter can be injected with long-acting penicillin in anticipation of disease.
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