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USDA Issues Proposed Rule for Mandatory Country Of Origin Labeling

by 5m Editor
28 October 2003, at 12:00am

US - The U.S. Department of Agriculture today issued the proposed rule for the mandatory country of origin labeling program as required by the 2002 Farm Bill.

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Under the proposed rule, muscle cuts of beef (including veal), lamb and pork; ground beef, ground lamb and ground pork; farm-raised fish and shellfish; wild fish and shellfish; perishable agricultural commodities (fresh and frozen fruit and vegetables); and peanuts must be labeled at retail to indicate their country of origin. In addition, the notice of country of origin for fish and shellfish must include and distinguish between wild and farm-raised fish and shellfish, as required by the legislation.

Covered commodities are excluded from mandatory country of origin labeling if they are an ingredient in a processed food item. Examples of covered commodities excluded under this provision of the proposed rule would be bacon, orange juice, mixed nuts and fruit/vegetable party trays.

Food service establishments, such as restaurants, lunchrooms, cafeterias, food stands, bars, lounges and similar enterprises are exempt from the mandatory country of origin labeling requirements.

Under the proposed rule, a covered commodity can only bear a "United States country of origin" declaration if certain criteria are met.

For beef, the covered commodity must be derived exclusively from animals born, raised and slaughtered in the United States, including animals that were born and raised in Alaska or Hawaii and transported for a period not to exceed 60 days through Canada to the United States and slaughtered in the United States.

For lamb and pork, the covered commodity must be derived exclusively from an animal that was born, raised and slaughtered in the United States.

Farm-raised fish and shellfish covered commodities must be derived exclusively from fish or shellfish hatched, raised, harvested and processed in the United States.

Covered commodities for wild fish and shellfish must be derived from fish or shellfish harvested in the waters of the United States or by a U.S. flagged vessel and processed in the United States or aboard a U.S. flagged vessel.

In the case of perishable agricultural commodities and peanuts, the covered commodities must be derived exclusively from produce or peanuts grown in the United States.

The proposed rule also outlines the requirements for labeling products of mixed origin including products produced both in foreign markets and in the United States as well as labeling requirements for blended products. Additionally, recordkeeping requirements for retailers and their suppliers are outlined.

The full text of the proposed rule will be published in the Oct. 30 Federal Register.

Source: Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) - 27th October 2003

5m Editor