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Classical Swine Fever in Bulgaria

by 5m Editor
22 May 2004, at 12:00am

BULGARIA - A report by OIE on the outbreak of Classical Swine Fever in Bulgaria.

See also: 28 February 2003, 31 January 2003, 3 January 2003, 20 December 2002, 6 December 2002

(Date of previous outbreak of classical swine fever in Bulgaria reported to the OIE: April 2003).

Emergency report

Information received on 17 May 2004 from Dr Nikola T. Belev, Delegate of Bulgaria to the OIE:

Date of the report: 15 May 2004.

Nature of diagnosis: clinical and laboratory.

Date of initial detection of animal health incident: 14 May 2004.

Estimated date of primary infection: 13 May 2004.

Outbreaks:

Location No. of outbreaks
Burgas region, Sredets district, Trakiytsi village 1

Description of affected population: privately owned free-range swine herd.

Total number of animals in the outbreak:

species susceptible cases deaths destroyed slaughtered
sui 89 19 4 85 0

Diagnosis:

A. Laboratory where diagnosis was made: National Diagnostic and Research Veterinary Laboratory, Sofia (national laboratory for classical swine fever).

B. Diagnostic tests used: ELISA(1) and direct immunofluorescence technique.

Source of agent / origin of infection: congenital form of infection in unvaccinated piglets. The disease is enzootic in swine in the East Balkan region.

Control measures:

- stamping-out policy;

- control of wildlife reservoirs;

- quarantine and movement control inside the country;

- screening.

(1) ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Source: Office International Des Epizooties - 21st May 2004

5m Editor