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Canadian swine industry to use molecular information to improve production

by 5m Editor
14 June 2004, at 12:00am

CANADA - The Canadian Centre for Swine Improvement (CCSI) has recently completed a research project on the use of molecular information for genetic improvement of pork production in Canada. Project results are expected to benefit Canadian as well as foreign buyers of Canadian pork in the future.

Canadian swine industry gearing up to use molecular information to improve pork production - CANADA - The Canadian Centre for Swine Improvement (CCSI) has recently completed a research project on the use of molecular information for genetic improvement of pork production in Canada. Project results are expected to benefit Canadian as well as foreign buyers of Canadian pork in the future.
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This project, entitled “Development of new genetic evaluation and selection methods for swine using advancements in molecular genetics“ was launched by the federal Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food in November, 2002. The project was funded by the member organizations of CCSI and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Canadian Adaptation and Rural Development (CARD) fund.

The research was carried out by Dr. Yuefu Liu and Dr. Pramod Mathur at CCSI. It was peer-reviewed by a working group consisting of members from federal research labs, universities, breeding companies and regional swine improvement centres in Atlantic Canada, Ontario, Québec and Western Canada.

Recent advancements in molecular genetics have opened up several opportunities for genetic improvements. However, a systematic assessment of their effectiveness and cost benefits are required for the Canadian swine industry. This project evaluated the current situation, identified most promising genes and markers, and developed genetic methods and a strategic plan for use of molecular information by the swine industry.

The project identified a number of genes and markers that will help improve pork quality and the efficiency in pork production. The IGF2 gene for uniform lean pork and HFABP gene for good marbling and taste, are two promising examples. The project recommended that frequencies and effects of the genes be further validated under Canadian conditions prior to their widespread uses. New simplified models have been proposed for use of the information in genetic evaluations, along with performance records.

The strategic plan outlines important activities and priorities for use of available genes. The plan suggests continuing the search for new genes and markers, and preparing the industry for future advancements. One of the key recommendations is to establish a national DNA Bank for further research and use of molecular information by the industry.

The Canadian Centre for Swine Improvement (CCSI) was created by the Canadian pork industry to provide leadership, coordination and services for swine genetic improvement. Its member organizations are the regional swine improvement centres in Western Canada, Ontario, Québec and Atlantic Canada, the Canadian Pork Council and the Canadian Meat Council, the Canadian Swine Breeders Association and.

Canadian Centre for Swine Improvement Inc

Source: Canadian Centre for Swine Improvement Inc - 7th June 2004

5m Editor