FMD in Brazil

by 5m Editor
18 September 2004, at 12:00am

BRAZIL - This is a report via OIE on the detection of Foot and Mouth Disease in Brazil, virus type C.

See also: 30 July 2004, 23 July 2004, 2 July 2004, 18 June 2004

(Date of previous outbreak of FMD virus type C in Brazil reported to the OIE: 1995).

Emergency report

Translation of information received on 10 September 2004 from Dr Jorge Caetano Junior, Director, Department of Animal Protection (DDA), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, Brasilia:

Date of the report: 9 September 2004.

Nature of diagnosis: clinical and laboratory.

Date of initial detection of animal health incident: 9 September 2004.

Estimated date of primary infection: 18 August 2004.


Location No. of outbreaks
State of Amazonas, Careiro da Várzea district (03º 13' 77.6" S - 59º 46' 76.4" W) 1

Total number of animals in the outbreak:

species susceptible cases deaths destroyed slaughtered
bov 34 4* 0 0 0
sui 1 0 0 0 0

* animals aged from 1 to 2 years


A. Laboratory where diagnosis was made: Laboratory of Animal Defence of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, city of Belém, State of Pará.

B. Diagnostic tests used: complement fixation test.

C. Causal agent: foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus serotype C.


A. Source of agent / origin of infection: investigations are under way.

B. Other epidemiological details: the outbreak is located on an island in the Amazon, where movements are performed exclusively by river, and is more than 500 km from the “FMD free zone where vaccination is practised“ recognised by the OIE.

Control measures: quarantine and movement control inside the country.

Further Information Information on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Source: Office International des Epizooties - 17th September 2004

5m Editor