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Antibiotic from Mushroom to Improve Pig Health

by 5m Editor
21 July 2008, at 2:36pm

PHILIPPINES - Scientists have discovered an antibiotic-producing microorganism from mushrooms that is effective in treating pig diseases.

The National Research Council of the Philippines, an advisory body of the Department of Science and Technology, announced the discovery of an antibiotic-producing microorganism from mushroom which has been found to be effective in treating diseases of livestock, particularly swine.

Dr Asuncion Raymundo, an NRCP plant pathologist, led a research team that analyzed the DNA thread or the genetic code of the mushroom species, Clitopilus passeckerianus.

Dr Raymundo and her group employed classical and recombinant DNA techniques to determine how this particular species produces the antibiotic called pleuromutilin.

Pleuromutilin prevents the bacteria from producing protein, an essential component of its diet. Without protein, bacteria stops reproducing and consequently dies. Pleuromutilin also acts as the building block for the production of tiamulin, a biological compound effective in treating common hog diseases such as mycoplasma, arthritis, enzootic pneumonia, and dysentery.

According to the PCARRD 2001 Highlights, the Philippines continues to hold a competitive position as among the leading hog raisers in the Asian Region. However, the report also states that Luzon's production rate — compared to that of Mindanao and Visayas — dropped in 2001 compared to earlier years. One of the reasons is the high mortality rate from disease. The NRCP antibiotic derived from the mushroom has the clear potential to solve this problem.

This latest NRCP research proves that the mushroom could no longer be ignored nor relegated as among the bottom dwellers in the plant kingdom. The discovery of pleuromutillin and tiamulin should prompt stronger government funding and support in order to boost the country's hog raising industry and propel it to even greater global competitiveness.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

5m Editor