Farmers Find Profit in Pigs

by 5m Editor
9 August 2011, at 10:16am

KENYA - The high cost of dairy feed and heifers has eroded incomes for producers, who are now looking for other ways of earning money in Central parts of the country, and some are finding pig production profitable.

A number of farmers in Central Kenya have turned to pig breeding as a profitable cottage industry, owing to high demand and good prices.

The Nation in Kenya reports that they argue that the dairy sector is becoming problematic due to high cost of heifers and inflation that has seen the cost of veterinary services and dairy feeds go up.

At the farm, breeders are selling a kilogramme of pork at between 195 and 120 shillings (KES), whereas a piglet is being sold at KES1,500 to KES3,000, depending on its age.

If best husbandry practices are employed, within six months, a pig is able to gain 120kg.

Nearly 100 million metric tonnes of pork are consumed worldwide and local farmers only need to be empowered in value-addition to maximise their earnings.

Producers are now demanding that the government speedily develop a pig breeding policy and establish a department to oversee its development.

v Research shows that pork is one of the most widely eaten meats in the world, accounting for about 38 per cent of production worldwide.

The big five export markets for pork are China, European Union, United States, Russia and Japan, respectively.

James Kaigai, a breeder in Murang'a County, said: "We are currently enjoying high demand from privately owned pork processors who are contracting us to breed pigs in high numbers. There is a vast guaranteed and a long term market with handsome profits."

He says the pig has been identified as a source of more than 185 products of commercial value hence a viable business initiative.

Farmers' Choice operations manager, Stanley Njoroge says the market is under-supplied.

He said: "We have ready markets besides our traditional ones in Tanzania, Uganda, Nigeria and India. The volume of exports that these clients have committed us to, spells major economic favours to local farmers."

A Kirinyaga County pig breeder, Stephen Murichu, said: "When I got wind of this new opening, I commenced large-scale pig breeding in my farm. Today, I supply an average of 50 pigs per week to buyers.

"On average, one pig will consume KES10 of commercial feeds per day, then some dried foliage, water and supplements and the total per pig adds to about KES17.

He added that veterinary services are easily accessible within the neighbourhoods and that pigs rarely get sick.

To survive the market supply strain, he also buys pigs from individual farmers, fattens them and then disposes them of to the market. He also retains some stock for breeding purposes.

Mr Murichu added: "The beauty of pig breeding is that you need not incur transport costs to the market, neither slaughtering limitations where you are required to have a Nema-certified slaughterhouse on your farm. Buyers usually show up at your farm armed with a mobile slaughterhouse and slaughter men."

Mr Njoroge says Farmers Choice is competing to satisfy demand by supplying 50 per cent of its products, leaving breeders to provide the other half.

He said: "Already, the market that we have sourced requires an average of 500 pigs daily. By September, that tender is projected to double. It is now up to farmers to take advantage of the opportunity presented."

He added that Farmers Choice has invested in field officers in order to empower breeders with education and advisory services.

He says that the most popular products are pork, sausage, bacon, smokies, gammon, ham and pork scratchings.

Mr Njoroge told The Nation that other products are brawn, which is a form of cheese, liver, chitterlings and blood, which is used to make puddings.

Besides, there is the local market for body parts like intestines, the head, hooves, legs, ears, tail and fur, which are popular in low income estates. The hooves and fur are sold to artisans who make clothing and jewellery, creating more jobs.