Pork Cutout Value Down from Previous Month

by 5m Editor
27 February 2012, at 5:40am

US - Grocery store pork prices during January were above year-ago for the 22nd consecutive month, writes Ron Plain.

Retail pork prices averaged $3.495 per pound last month, up 3.4 cents from December and up 25.4 cents from January 2011.

The live weight average price in January for 51-52 per cent lean hogs was $62.18/cwt, up 4 cents from December and up $6.62 from January 2011.

For the 27th consecutive quarter, Canada has a lower swine breeding herd inventory than a year ago. The Canadian breeding herd was down 0.1 per cent at the start of 2012, but their market hog inventory was up 1.2 per cent. Despite a slightly smaller breeding herd, Statistics Canada said the number of sows farrowed during the fourth quarter of 2011 was up 1.0 per cent compared to a year earlier and predicted first quarter 2012 farrowings would be up 1.8 per cent. They forecast farrowings during the second quarter of 2012 to be up 6.6 per cent compared to April-June 2011. Productivity continues to rise as the fourth quarter pig crop was up 4.1 per cent from only 1 per cent more sows farrowed. The Canadian sow herd is between a fifth and a fourth the size of the US sow herd.

Hog prices ended the week $1-4 higher than the previous Friday. The national average negotiated carcass price for direct delivered hogs on the morning report today was $83.95/cwt, up $4.65 from last Friday. The western corn belt averaged $86.62 this morning and the eastern corn belt had a morning average of $83.02/cwt. There were not enough sales in Iowa-Minnesota for a morning price quote. Friday's top live hog price at both Peoria and Zumbtota was $60/cwt. The top for interior Missouri live hogs was also $60/cwt, up 50 cents from the previous Friday.

USDA's Thursday afternoon calculated pork cutout value was $85.56/cwt, down 76 cents from the previous Thursday despite loins, butts, bellies and hams all ending the week slightly higher. The western corn belt average hog price this morning was an amazing 101.2 per cent of the pork cutout value. This can't last.

Hog slaughter totaled 2.12 million head this week, down 1.3 per cent from the week before, but up 0.6 per cent compared to the same week last year. Barrow and gilt carcass weights for the week ending February 11 averaged 206 pounds, up 1 pound from the week before and unchanged from a year ago. Iowa-Minnesota live weights for barrows and gilts last week averaged 276.0 pounds, up 0.1 pound from the previous week and up 2.9 pounds compared to a year earlier. Year-to-date pork production is up 0.6 per cent.

Today's close for the April lean hog futures contract, $89.72/cwt, was down 65 cents from the previous Friday. The May lean hog futures contract settled at $98.72/cwt, down 18 cents for the week. June hogs settled at $99.17/cwt. July hogs ended the week at $99.20/cwt.