Faster Growth Needed to Sustain Meat Demand

by 5m Editor
30 July 2012, at 7:49am

US - The US economy slowed for the second consecutive quarter with annualized GDP growth of only 1.5 per cent in the second quarter of 2012. Faster growth is important to creating jobs and to sustaining meat demand, write Ron Plain and Scott Brown.

The July Cold Storage report said there were 592 million pounds of pork in cold storage at the end of June. That is 7 per cent less than a month earlier, but 20 per cent more than a year ago. The year-over-year increase may reflect more pork being accumulated for export.

USDA estimates only 26 per cent of the corn crop was in good or excellent condition on 22 July. That compares to 31 per cent good or excellent the week before and 62 per cent a year ago. The Crop Progress report says 31 per cent of the soybean crop was rated good or excellent on July 22 compared to 34 per cent a week earlier and 62 per cent a year ago.

Corn and soybean prices backed off of last week's record highs. The September corn futures contract ended this week at $7.985/bu, down 26 cents from the week before. December corn ended the week at $7.9325/bu. August soybean meal ended the week at $527.70/ton, down $15.30 from the previous Friday.

USDA's Thursday afternoon calculated pork cutout value was $92.91/cwt, up $1.71 from the previous Thursday, but $11.27 lower than this week last year. Loins, hams and bellies were higher this week with pork bellies at the highest price since 18 August. BLT season continues to be an important factor for pork demand.

Hog prices were mostly lower this week. The national average negotiated carcass price for direct delivered hogs on the morning report today was $86.11/cwt, down $1.26 from last Friday. The eastern corn belt averaged $85.71/cwt this morning. The western corn belt averaged $91.58/cwt. Iowa-Minnesota averaged $91.28/cwt on the morning report. The east-west price spread remains large. Peoria had a top live price this morning of $57 and Zumbrota had a live top today of $61/cwt. The top for interior Missouri live hogs Friday was $63.75/cwt, up $2.75 from the previous Friday. The average hog carcass price is 92.7 per cent of the cutout value.

Hog slaughter this week totaled 2.003 million head, up 1.3 per cent from the week before, up 3.4 per cent compared to the same week last year, and above 2 million head for only the third time in the last nine weeks. Typically, daily hog slaughter starts to increase in mid August.

The average barrow and gilt live weight in Iowa-Minnesota last week was 267.10 pounds, down 1.4 pounds from a week earlier, up 3.4 pounds from a year ago, and above year-earlier for the 35th consecutive week. Year-to-date pork production is up 1.7 per cent.

Friday's close for the August lean hog futures contract was $95.20/cwt, up $1.50 from the previous Friday. October hogs settled at $81.32/cwt, up $1.52 for the week. December hogs ended the week at $79.30/cwt.