OIE Reports Two More ASF Outbreaks in Russia

by 5m Editor
5 April 2013, at 8:57am

RUSSIA - Russian veterinary authorities have reported two further outbreaks of African swine fever in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania.

Follow-up report no. 96 was sent to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) on Thursday, 4 April stating that a total of 163 pigs were found susceptible, out of which 49 animals were affected and killed as a result of the outbreak. The remaining 114 pigs were destroyed.

While the OIE and the country's concerned authorities have not been able to confirm the source of the outbreaks, it has been speculated that contact with infected animal(s) at the time of grazing/watering is the primary cause.

Control of wildlife reservoirs, stamping out, quarantine, movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s), no vaccination and no treatment of affected animals are among the measures that have been applied to contain the situation. Apart from these, no other measures have been applied.

On 26 March, direct immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were carried out at the All-Russia Scientific Institute of Veterinary Virology and Microbiology, the country's national laboratory located in Pokrov. Another polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was conducted back on 2 August 2012 at the Kray Veterinary Laboratory of Kropotkin, Russia's regional reference laboratory. All tests confirmed presence of the African swine fever virus in the country.

The ASF outbreaks date back to 11 September 2009 and was confirmed on 16 September.

The following map (indicated by red dot) shows the regions affected by African swine fever:

Pic: OIE