Sniffer dogs now present at border to protect UK pig herd from African swine fever

This morning (3 October), Biosecurity Minister Lord Gardiner and the UK Chief Vet visited Heathrow Airport to find out more about the work of Border Force and their highly trained sniffer dogs to ensure the UK remains free of African swine fever.
calendar icon 3 October 2019
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UK Border officials enforce controls at the border on illegal meat by using sniffer dogs and searching freight, passengers and luggage. They will seize and destroy illegally imported meat products. This is because African swine fever (ASF) is highly contagious and the virus can survive in pork meat products, even if cooked or frozen.

The exercise which Lord Gardiner and the UK CVO witnessed was focused on passenger arrivals directly from SE Asian countries where the animal disease African swine fever is prevalent.

Biosecurity Minister Lord Gardiner said: “It is essential that we keep African swine fever out of the UK and I would like to thank Border Force colleagues for taking the time this morning to show us all they do to prevent infected pork meat products arriving on our shores.

“While there has never been an outbreak of African swine fever in the UK, we are not complacent and already have robust measures in place to protect against animal disease outbreaks.”

borderforce officials and sniffer dog at heathrow airport
Border Force officials with Biosecurity Minister, Lord Gardiner, (fifth from left) and UK Chief Veterinary Officer, Christine Middlemiss (third from right) and police dog Marley

The disease, which poses no threat to human health but is fatal for pigs, has already spread widely across Asia – including China and Vietnam – and parts of Central and Eastern Europe. Cases have also been reported throughout Sub Saharan Africa.

ASF has led to the deaths of over 800,000 pigs and wild boar in Europe and an estimated four million pigs in Asia, causing global pork prices to rise. If the disease was found in this country, it could have a devastating impact on the UK’s commercial pig stock of five million pigs, as well as the trade of our pork products.

UK Chief Veterinary Officer Christine Middlemiss said: “This morning I witnessed first-hand Border Force’s great work to ensure the UK remains ASF free. However, we all have a role to play and it is crucial that anyone travelling from affected regions doesn’t bring pork meat products into the UK.”

borderforce officials are briefed on which products can enter the country
Biosecurity Minister, Lord Gardiner, (second from right) and UK Chief Veterinary Officer, Christine Middlemiss, (furthest right) receiving a briefing from Border Force officials.

In July, Defra launched a new campaign, working closely with the Devolved Administrations, at the UK’s border to help keep the damaging animal disease out of the country. We have also written to universities to ask them to contact international students about not bringing in meat products when they come to the UK to study.

The main ways that the disease can spread are:

  • Tourists or travellers bringing contaminated pork products with them from infected areas. All travellers are strongly advised to avoid bringing any pork products – including preserved meats, ham or pork sandwiches – back to the UK. Bringing in potentially contaminated pork products from affected regions is an offence – it can result in prosecution and a large fine.
  • Pig keepers and members of the public feeding catering waste, kitchen scraps or pork products to their animals. It is illegal to do so.
  • Travellers returning from ASF-affected areas coming into contact with domestic pigs, commercial holdings or smallholdings. The disease can spread via contaminated clothing, footwear or equipment, as well as pork products.

Contaminated vehicles and equipment being taken onto commercial pig premises or workers wearing contaminated clothing or boots when entering pig premises.

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