Weekly Roberts Report

US - Agricultural US Commodity Market Report by Mike Roberts, Commodity Marketing Agent, Virginia Tech. Thank you to everyone for your thoughts and condolences in our time of loss. Now, let’s get back in the saddle.
calendar icon 4 March 2009
clock icon 5 minute read

LEAN HOGS on the CME closed down on Monday. The APR’09LH contract closed at $60.275/cwt; down $0.625/cwt. The JUNE’09LH contract lost $1.050/cwt to $71.475/cwt. Futures closed lower on the souring economy and other commodity declines despite higher cash hog prices. There was a slaughter slowdown last week based on Smithfield Foods closing of one of its Smithfield, VA plants. USDA on Monday reported cash hogs up $2.22/cwt at $57.53/cwt. USDA on Friday put the Pork Cutout at $56.35/cwt; down $0.22/cwt. According to HedgersEdge.com the average pork plant margin for Monday was a negative $0.45/head based on the average buy of $39.98/cwt vs. the average breakeven of $39.82/cwt. Sell hogs when ready. It would be a good consideration to put off buying feed needs for a couple of weeks if possible.

CORN futures on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) closed off on Monday. MAR’09 corn futures closed at $3.434/bu; off 7.25 ¢ /bu. The JULY’09 contract closed at $3.594/bu; down 9. 0 ¢ /bu. DEC’09 corn futures finished at 3.802/bu; down 10.75 ¢ /bu. A drop in crude oil, plunging equity markets, and gains in the US dollar pressured prices. Japan placed an order to import corn for feed from Romania over the US for the first time in ten years. USDA placed corn inspected for export at 31.39 mi bu vs. expectations for between 24.0-30.0 mi bu. Corn exports are shown off last year’s pace in the table below.

Ended Corn % chg
YTD 08/09 774,575 -39.5
YTD 07/08 1,280,038 NA
Feb 26 31,390 10.1
Feb 19 28,500 -17.4
Feb 12 34,522 15.8

Cash corn in the US Midwest was steady to firm. Cash corn in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic states were 11.0- 15.0 lower. Funds were net sellers having sold over 6,000 lots. A couple of floor traders said most traders think the CBOT corn market is overpriced. Ethanol futures closed off 3.0 ¢ /gal finishing at $1.510/gal. New surveys show that many producers have ’08 corn still in the bin. It would be a very good idea to get it sold at this time. It might be a good idea to price up to 45 per cent of the 2009 crop.

SOYBEAN futures on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) closed down on Monday. MAR’09 soybean futures closed at $8.484/bu; off 26.0 ¢ /bu. The NOV’09 contract closed at $7.930/bu; down 34.5 ¢ /bu. The same market influencers plus one weighed in on soybeans. The additional factor pushing soybeans lower is the news that the Argentinean government is interested in taking over their large soybean industry so they may regulate prices to their own buyers. USDA put soybeans-inspected-for-export at 27.22 mi bu vs. expectations for between 25.0 – 28.0 mi bu. It was reported that China will shift its business to South America from the US. This should pressure US prices as 64 per cent of this week’s US export total belonged to China and is typical of the last few weeks. The table below illustrates how exports have fallen off pace.

Ended Soybeans % chg
YTD 08/09 821,975 12.9
YTD 07/08 728,073 NA
Feb 26 27,219 -10.1
Feb 19 30,283 -37.6
Feb 12 48,550 0.2

Large specs are in net bear positions by about 1,400 lots as of Feb. 24. Cash soybeans are steady to stronger. It might be a good idea to get all old crop beans sold and price up to 25 per cent of the ’09 crop.

WHEAT futures in Chicago (CBOT) closed down on Monday. The MAR’09 contract closed at $4.496/bu; off 15.75 ¢ /bu. JULY’09 wheat futures finished down 15.25 ¢ /bu at $5.180/bu. The same outside markets weighing on other commodities pressured the wheat markets. There are reports that Iran will need to import 7 million tonnes (257 mi bu) this coming year. Spain is said to import more wheat from the Black Sea area after delays in current orders. Two floor sources stated that the market is waiting on word from an Iraq tender that closed over the weekend to see who got the bid. However, they acknowledged that Canada and Russia are expected to get the bulk of the order as US wheat is too expensive. There is some fundamental support as rain is needed in the US Plains wheat growing area. However, the main focus on the wheat market this week will continue to be focused on the floundering US stock market and crude oil. US wheat exports were off with USDA placing wheat-inspected-forexport at 8.66 mi bu vs. expectations for between 13.0 – 16.0 mi bu. The table below shows year-to-date running behind last year at this time.

Ended Wheat % chg
YTD 08/09 775,149 -19.9
YTD 07/08 967,359 NA
Feb 26 8,664 -16.4
Feb 19 10,359 -2.3
Feb 12 10,604 -45.0

For large speculators net positions remained short by 2,539 lots for the week of Feb. 24. It would be a good idea to hold off selling any more of the ’09 wheat crop as wheat demand will most likely remain inelastic (stable) for food demand.

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