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Canadian Swine Industry Adjusts to US COOL

by 5m Editor
22 January 2010, at 10:54am

CANADA - Paragon Economics says the price differential in the US between Canadian and American sourced pigs is shrinking as the swine industry adjusts to US Mandatory Country of Origin labelling, writes Bruce Cochrane.

The 30 September 2008 introduction of US Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling immediately reduced US demand for Canadian origin pigs.

US purchases of Canadian market hogs were 60 per cent plus lower in 2009 than one year earlier while feeder pig purchases fell by about 25 per cent.

Paragon Economics president Dr Steve Meyer says the drop was partly due to COOL and partly due to reduced Canadian production.

Dr Steve Meyer-Paragon Economics

Packers and feeders in the US have adjusted.

At first of course there were packers that said we're only going to buy US pigs, we're not going to buy any Canadian sourced pigs.

It didn't take long for packers to figure out that they could use some Canadian sourced pigs and put that product into non-labelled usage or those kinds of things.

So there's an adjustment process going on.

My understanding is there aren't significant discounts on price between US and Canadian animals now, not like there was in the beginning days and so I think we're going to see that continue.

As far as what's going to happen in the future on Country of Origin Labelling, we need to remember it is the law in the United States and so unless something is done to change that law it stays in effect.

Obviously Canada and Mexico have challenged it in a WTO filing and that's going to run its course and that could possibly lead those countries being able to put duties on US products coming into their countries but they're not going to change US law.

Only the US Congress can change that so for the foreseeable future we're going to have Country of Origin Labelling.


Dr Meyer says the adjustments are being made and US processors are doing a good job of sorting Canadian origin pigs and most of the Canadian origin product is going into food service, processed products and even exports where they don't have to carry a label.