Livestock Review: Viet Nam

VIET NAM - This weekly International Egg and Poultry Review report by the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), looks at international developments concerning the poultry industry. This week's report focuses on the Vietnamese poultry and livestock industries.
calendar icon 14 July 2010
clock icon 3 minute read

In Viet Nam, about 74 per cent of the population lives in rural areas and 65 per cent depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Small-scale household based production accounts for about 70 per cent of the total livestock production in Vietnam. Livestock plays an important role in generating rural income in Vietnam; an estimated 8.3 million households produce poultry and seven million households produce pigs. Increasing incomes have resulted in a higher demand for livestock products. The average annual meat consumption in Vietnam is about 40kg per capita and is projected to increase to 57kg per capita by 2020. Pork accounts for the majority of meat consumed (76 per cent) followed by poultry meat (13 per cent) and red meat (nine per cent).

According to the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, the husbandry survey results on 01/04/2010 noted that the country had 277.4 million fowls, up 8.1 per cent from the same period a year earlier, and 27.3 million pigs, up 3.1 per cent. The June 2010 report, Socio-economic statistics in the first half of 2010, stated that feeding products in six months increased considerably as epidemic diseases had been controlled in a timely manner; pork (live weight) gained 1.79 million tons, up 4.7 per cent; poultry meat (live weight) gained 330,700 tons, up 17 per cent; 3,278.8 million eggs, up 7.1 per cent.

In 2008, the Vietnamese government adopted a Development Strategy for the Livestock Industry in order to reorganise and industrialise livestock production and processing in Viet Nam. Under this Development Strategy, Viet Nam plans to increase livestock production from the current 30 per cent of total agricultural output to 38 per cent in 2015 and 42 per cent by 2020. The target for 2020 is production of 5.5 million tons of meat, 14 billion eggs and over one million tons of milk. At that time, the livestock population is expected to total 35 million pigs, 300 million chickens and 500,000 dairy cows.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) was first reported in Vietnam in January 2004 and is currently considered endemic in the country. The World Animal Health Organization (OIE) reported five outbreaks that were still recorded as unresolved as of 29 April 2010.

(Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization; General Statistics Office of Vietnam; World Bank; OIE; CIA World Factbook; FAPRI; news wires.)

Source: Department Trade Statistics

Source: General Statistics Office of Vietnam

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.
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