<em>Hogs & Pigs</em> Report Shows Growth in Pig Breeding

by 5m Editor
28 December 2011, at 6:06am

US - USDA’s latest hogs and pigs report said the swine breeding herd was 0.4 per cent larger on 1 December than a year earlier, writes Ron Plain in his Hog Outlook for 22 December.

They said the market hog inventory was 1.7 per cent larger than a year ago, and the total swine herd was up 1.5 per cent. USDA said fall farrowings were up 0.5 per cent and predicted December-February farrowings would be up 0.8 per cent but March-May farrowings would be 1.0 per cent small than a year ago. Pigs per litter during September-November averaged 10.02, up 1.3 per cent from a year ago. In general, the report was more bearish short term and more bullish long term than the pre-release trade estimates

Retail pork prices during November averaged $3.511 per pound, up 4.3 cents from October and up 19.1 cents from November 2010. November was the third highest monthly pork price ever behind August and September of this year.

The average price of 51-52 per cent hogs during November was $63.40/cwt on a live weight basis, down $5.04 from October, but up $23.40 from November 2010.

Domestic pork demand this fall was below the year-earlier level, but because of very strong export demand for pork, packer demand for hogs has been strong.

The amount of pork in cold storage at the end of November, 495 million pounds, was up 5.75 per cent from a year ago. Pork exports are up 22 per cent compared to 2011. The larger cold storage stocks may reflect additional quantities being accumulated for exports.

Hog prices were lower this week. The national average negotiated carcass price for direct delivered hogs on the morning report today was $79.18/cwt, down $2.69 from last Friday. The Friday morning average price for the western corn belt was $79.49/cwt. There was no morning price quote for Iowa-Minnesota. The eastern corn belt averaged $79.10/cwt. Friday’s top live hog price at Peoria was $54.50/cwt. The top for interior Missouri live hogs was $59.25/cwt, down 75 cents from the previous Friday.

USDA’s Thursday afternoon calculated pork cutout value was $86.17/cwt, down $4.57 from the previous Thursday. Loins, butts, hams and bellies were all lower. Hog prices this morning are 92 per cent of cutout, a bit high for this time of year.

Hog slaughter totaled 2.155 million head this week, down 7.9 per cent from the week before, but up 16.4 per cent compared to the same week last year. Barrow and gilt carcass weights for the week ending December 10 averaged 206 pounds, down 1 pound from the week before, but up 1 pound from a year ago. Iowa-Minnesota live weights for barrows and gilts last week averaged 275.2 pounds, down 0.9 pound from the week before, but up 1.4 pounds compared to last year.

Today’s close for the February lean hog futures contract, $85.85/cwt. The April lean hog futures contract settled at $88.97/cwt. May hogs settled at $95.10/cwt. June hogs ended the week at $96.85/cwt.

Further Reading

- You can view the USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report by clicking here.