China: Hog Markets

CHINA - Looking at the size of the breakdown of the inventory for October, 2012-breeding stock was around 50.94 million and total on farm inventory was around 471.41 million (as compared to September 2012-breeding stock was around 50.79 million and total on farm inventory was around 470.94 million), writes Ron Lane, Senior Consultant for Genesus China.
calendar icon 7 March 2013
clock icon 4 minute read

For November 2012, the breakdown of the inventory for breeding stock was around 50.79 million (same as September 2012) and total on farm inventory was around 467.64 million. The 467.64 million head for November is down 0.2 per cent from last year while the November sow inventory is up 3.40 per cent from last year (year over year). For 2012, total farm inventory was projected to increase by 5 to 6 per cent but currently, it looks as if it will be flat. However sow inventory is up from last year. In 2011, the average inventory for breeding stock was 49.29 million and total on farm inventory was 468 million.

Profit margins are now showing positive returns. In November 2012, profit margins were showing a profit of 74 RMB/head ($11.90 USD/head) average (but there was a vast range from losses of 200 RMB/head ($ 32.15 USD/head) in some major pork production regions. At that time, many farmers were saying they were below breakeven. Other farmers indicated some profits getting to 100+ RMB/head ($ 16.08+ USD/head)). Currently, profit margins have jumped. As of 9 January 2013, the profit margin was approaching 360 RMB/head ($57.88 USD/head) marketed from a farrow to finish production unit. Just last week, the profit margin was estimated to be 254 RMB/head ($40.84 USD/head)—up from 229 RMB /head ($36.82USD/head) the week before. A major increase in only two weeks. At the end of March 2012 the profit margin was at 187 RMB/market pig ($30.06 US); down as compared to late January at 600 RMB/market pig ($96.45 USD). Average profit for 2011 was estimated at 500 RMB/ pig ($80.13 US).

Price9 January 20139 January 2012% increase/decrease year-on-year
Pig price 17.53 RMB/kg ($2.82 USD/kg) 17.27RMB/kg ($2.78 USD/kg) +1.5%
Pork price 25.27 RMB/kg ($4.06 USD/kg) 27.20 RMB/kg ($4.37 US/kg) -7.1%
Piglet price 24.62 RMB/kg ($3.96 US/kg) 28.49 RMB/kg ($4.58 US/kg) -13.6%
Sow price 1,703 RMB/head ($273.79 US/head) 1,815 RMB/head ($291.80 US/head) -6.2%

What to watch for over the next few months!!!

This week, the pig to grain price ratio is 7.52:1; still about 4.6 per cent below last year levels. For January, 2012, a 7.79:1 ratio was calculated. During the week of 15 November 2012, pig prices rose slightly and the main wholesale market for corn prices dropped even more and thus a pig to grain price was 6.53:1. Last week, the pig to grain price ratio was 7.23:1. It has been more than 12 consecutive weeks that the pig to grain ratio has been above the universally recognized breakeven point of 6.00:1 or better).

With notes from: the;; China Daily;; MOA; NBS; and various Chinese Ministries.

Genesus Global Market Report
Prices for the week of February 25, 2013
CountryDomestic price
(own currency)
US dollars
(Liveweight a lb)
USA (Iowa-Minnesota) 76.82 USD/lb carcass 56.85¢
Canada (Ontario) 1.49 CAD/kg carcass 56.59¢
Mexico (DF) 19.10 MXN/kg liveweight 68.13¢
Brazil (South Region) 3.18 BRL/kg liveweight 72.89¢
Russia 72 RUB/kg liveweight $1.06
China 15.84 RMB/kg liveweight $1.15
Spain 1.374 EUR/kg liveweight 81.23¢
Vietnam 38,500 VND/kg liveweight 83.48¢
South Korea 2,840 KRW/kg liveweight $1.19
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