Oral Fluids Could Provide Valuable Sampling for Swine Influenza

UK - More should be done to encourage diagnosis of swine influenza, according to Merial Animal Health’s Pig Business and Technical Manager, Nick Munce.
calendar icon 28 October 2013
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Mr Munce said: “Vets are keen to explore a variety of options open to them for diagnosing the disease, and producers should be actively looking for symptoms and contacting their vets if they suspect that swine influenza is impacting the health and productivity of their herd.”

One possible diagnostic tool is the analysis of oral fluids. “Although we have good evidence that swine influenza is widespread in the UK herd and that the disease affects production,” says Nick, “The symptoms may be sub-clinical, and producers may be unaware of the presence of the virus until such time as there is an actual outbreak that needs treating. A simple method that could be used to identify the presence of virus in the herd would be most welcome.”

Two papers presented at this year’s 5th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management (ESPHM) in Edinburgh shed light on the use of the technique, which involves suspending a rope for the pigs to chew on, harvesting the oral fluids produced and then submitting them for laboratory analysis.

The first study1 described a 130 farrow-to-finish operation in Brittany. Sows were displaying symptoms including anorexia, later or late abortions, early farrowings and weak new-born piglets. PRRS and PCV2 had both been eliminated. However, flu infection was evidenced in ill fatteners and, four days later, in weaned and suckling piglets. The research shows that 12mm ropes suspended in the pen for at least an hour every two days during weaning were a useful way of diagnosing the presence of swine influenza, although sub-typing was not possible.

Researchers in Spain have also used this technique successfully to detect PRRS and swine influenza on 97 farms where the pigs were experiencing respiratory signs, and fever, dullness, growth retardation or heterogeneity.2 The study was able to successfully show which farms were positive for one or other of the diseases, for both, or for neither.

1 Diagnosis of swine infl uenza virus in oral fluids samples in 20-day-old piglets: a field case. S. Turci (1), L. Mieli (2), G. Simon(3), S. Herve (3), J-B. Herin (4), B. Boivent (4), M. Bublot (5), F. Joisel (5), T. Vila (5), G. Perreul (4)
(1) Breizhpig, Plérin, France (2) LDA22, Ploufragan, France (3) ANSES, LNR Infl uenza Porcin, Ploufragan, France (4) MERIAL SAS, Ancenis, France (5) MERIAL SAS, Lyon, France

2 Detection of the enzootic form of swine infl uenza by oral fl uid sampling. A. Callén (1), S. Cárceles (1),J. Gonzalez (1), A. Ferré (1), D. Arroyave (1), T. Vila (2), F. Joisel (2) (1) Merial Laboratorios S.A., Barcelona, Spain (2) Merial SAS, Lyon, France
(1) Merial Laboratorios S.A., Barcelona, Spain (2) Merial SAS, Lyon, France

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