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Feeding Mycotoxin Contaminated Grains to Swine

1 April 2016, at 12:00am

Mycotoxins are chemicals produced by moulds or fungi infecting grains. There are over 400 known mycotoxins; however only a small number of these probably affect pig performance on a regular basis.

It is important to note that the presence of the mould or fungi does not guarantee the presence of mycotoxins; conversely, mycotoxins can be present in a sample with no obvious mould contamination.

Several factors contribute to the production of mycotoxins in grain, including humidity and temperature during the growing and harvest periods, oxygen availability during growth, harvest, transport or storage and insect or bird damage.

Multiple mycotoxins may be present at the same time and mycotoxins may be “masked”. These are mycotoxins bound to another molecule which may make them undetectable by routine assays. They will however, break down in the gut, and cause problems.

Pigs are more susceptible to the effects of most mycotoxins than other species, especially ruminants. The age of the animal and production status are important considerations.

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Mycotoxins in Swine Production

The impact of mycotoxins — through losses in commodity quality and livestock health — exceeds $1.4 billion in the United States alone, according to the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. This guide includes:

  • An overview of different types of mycotoxins
  • Understanding of the effects of mycotoxicoses in swine
  • Instructions on how to analyze mycotoxin content in commodities and feeds
  • Innovative ways of combatting mycotoxins and their effects
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