Phosphorus Digestibility and Concentration of Digestible and Metabolizable Energy in Corn, Corn Co-products and Bakery Meal Fed to Growing Pigs

Phosphorus digestibility in DDGS, corn gluten meal and corn gluten is higher than corn, hominy feed, bakery meal and corn germ meal but phytase can be included in diets containing corn, hominy feed, bakery meal and corn germ meal to improve phosphorus digestibility, reports Hans H. Stein of the University of Illinois for the National Pork Board.
calendar icon 1 May 2013
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The main aim of this research was to determine phosphorus digestibility and concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy in corn, corn co-products, and bakery meal fed to growing pigs. It was also the purpose to determine the effect of addition of phytase on phosphorus digestibility.

Swine producers may take advantage of the results from this research because the cost of most traditional feed ingredients has increased in recent years and the current data provide values for DE and ME and the digestibility of phosphorus in alternative ingredients.

If DDGS, hominy feed or bakery meal rather than corn is used in diets for pigs, the metabolisable energy (ME) concentration of the diet will not change and if corn gluten meal is used, the ME will increase.

However, if corn gluten feed or corn germ meal are used, the ME in the diet will be reduced, which may result in a reduction in average daily gain or in an increased feed conversion rate.

Use of corn gluten meal, DDGS, or corn gluten feed will also increase the addition of digestible phosphorus in the diet, and the need for inorganic phosphorus will be reduced, which will also reduce the cost of the diet.

Likewise, if microbial phytase is used in diets containing corn, corn-products or bakery meal, the digestibility of phosphorus will increase and the excretion of phosphorus will decrease.

Thus, the present data will allow swine producers to formulate diets containing several alternative ingredients and possibly reduce diet costs. Results can be implemented immediately, without requiring producers to invest in additional technology.

Further Reading

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May 2013

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