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Historical Perspective And Analysis Of China's Pig Production Industry, Pork Imports And Exports

by 5m Editor
20 February 2003, at 12:00am

By eFeedLink - China is the largest pig raising country in the world today. Its current stock of 457 million heads of pigs account for 51.8% of the world's total hog inventory.

Over the past 50 years, China's pork production has increased tremendously. Per capita pork production in China from 1949 to 2000 was as follows:

1949 - 1960 : 4.51 kg;
1961 - 1970 : 5.22 kg, an increase of 15.74% over the previous period;
1971 - 1980 : 8.06 kg, an increase of 54.41% over the previous decade;
1981 - 1990 : 13.81 kg, an increase of 71.34% over the previous decade;
1991 - 2000 : 25.04 kg, an increase of 81.32% over the previous decade.

Pig production in China accelerated from 1985 with the liberalization of government controls on buying and selling of live pigs. Annual pork production increased from 18.92 million tons in 1990 to 29.7 million tons in 1995, showing an unprecedented average growth of 12% per year.

In 1997, China achieved an overall per capita distribution of 42 kg for its meat production, with 29 kg for pork, 3.6 kg for beef, 1.4 kg for mutton, and 8.2 kg for poultry. At the same time, per capita distribution for eggs reached 15 kg.

In 1997, supply was able to meet demand for the first time in China's pork market, and prices of pork began falling.

Between 1997 and 2001, the rapid rate of growth in pork production slowed to around 3.5% - 4% per annum, producers became market-oriented and positioned their product offers for long-term growth and stability.

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