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US Hog Inventories by State - December 2001

by 5m Editor
3 January 2002, at 12:00am

From U.S.D.A - As an addendum to last weeks quarterly USDA Hogs and Pigs report, below are the individual statistics for the nine major US hog producing States: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas.

To go to each individual report click on the State Name. For information on all other states click here and follow the relevant link to the required state

For the December 2001 Hogs and Pigs report CLICK HERE

Iowa:

On December 1, there were 15.0 million hogs and pigs on Iowa farms. The December 1 inventory was down 100,000 from a year ago, but up 1 percent from September 1, 2001.

The September-November pig crop this year was 3.87 million head. A total of 450 thousand sows farrowed with an average litter size of 8.6 pigs per sow.

As of December 1, producers planned to farrow 450 thousand head of sows and gilts in the December 2001-February 2002 quarter. Farrowing intentions for the March-May 2002 period were estimated at 470 thousand as of December 1, 2001.

If realized, this would be 4 percent more sows than were farrowed during the same period in 2001.

Kansas:

The December 1 inventory for hogs and pigs on Kansas farms totaled 1.56 million head, up 3 percent from December 1, 2000 but 2 percent below September 1, 2001.

Hogs and pigs kept for breeding purposes totaled 170,000 head, up 6 percent from last year and 3 percent above September 1, 2001.

Breeding stock accounted for 11 percent of all hogs and pigs. Market hogs accounted for the remaining 89 percent of the total inventory, at 1.39 million head.

Market hog inventory was 2 percent above a year ago but 3 percent below September 1, 2001. Market hogs weighing less than 60 pounds totaled 475,000 head, down 4 percent from a year ago. The 60-119 pound weight group, at 285,000 head, was unchanged from 2000. The 120-179 pound weight group totaled 255,000 head, up 21 percent from a year ago. The 180 pound and over weight group, at 375,000 head, was up 1 percent from a year ago.

The June-November pig crop totaled 1,341,000 head (see table 2), 7 percent below a year ago. Sows farrowing during this period, at 156,000 head, were down 5 percent from the same period a year ago with an average litter rate of 8.60. June-August farrowings of 76,000 sows were 10 percent below a year ago with an average of 8.70 pigs per litter. Farrowings during September-November totaled 80,000 sows, a 1 percent decrease from the previous year with a litter rate of 8.50 pigs.

Kansas farmers intend to farrow 80,000 sows in the December-February quarter (see table 3), up 10 percent from the preceding year. For the March-May quarter, expected farrowings are estimated at 78,000 sows, up 3 percent from last year.

The number of operations with hogs totaled 1,500 during 2001 (see table 4), down 6 percent from last year and 21 percent below 1999. In 2001, operations with 500 head or more accounted for 24 percent of the total operations and 95 percent of the inventory (see table 5), unchanged from 2000. In 2001, operations with 2000 head or more accounted for 8.0 percent of the total operations and 83 percent of the inventory. In 2000, 7.2 percent of the operations had inventories with at least 2,000 head and accounted for 81 percent of the inventory.

Minnesota:

Minnesota hog producers had an inventory of 5,600,000 hogs and pigs on December 1, 2001, down 3% from a year earlier and down 3% from the September 1, 2001 figure, according to the Minnesota Agricultural Statistics Service.

Of these, 570,000 were breeding hogs, down 5% from a year earlier and 5,030,000 were market hogs and pigs, down 3% from a year ago.

Market hogs in the under 60 pound weight group were down 3% from last year. Those in the 60 119 pound weight group were down 2%.

The number in the 120-179 pound group were down 9% while the 180+ pound group were up 3% from a year ago.

Minnesota's September November 2001 pig crop totaled 2,327,000 head, down 3% from a year earlier and down 2% from the June August 2001 pig crop. The 260,000 sows that farrowed averaged 8.95 pigs per litter, up from the 8.90 litter rate a year ago.

Hog producers in Minnesota intend to farrow 265,000 sows during the December 2001-February 2002 quarter. If realized this would be up 2% from last year. Producers intend to farrow 265,000 sows during the March-May 2002 quarter. If realized, this would be down 2% from the previous year.

The number of operations with hogs in Minnesota in 2001 totaled 6,500. This is down 800 from the 2000 number of hog operations.

Nebraska:

Nebraska pork producers had an estimated 2.90 million hogs and pigs on hand December 1, 2001, according to the USDA's Nebraska Agricultural Statistics Service.

This number was down 5 percent from a year earlier and 3 percent below two years ago.

Hogs and pigs kept for breeding, at 370,000, were up 3 percent from last year but down 3 percent from two years ago.

Market hogs, at 2.53 million, were 6 percent below December 1, 2000, and 3 percent below two years ago. During the September-November quarter, 160,000 sows farrowed producing a pig crop of 1.38 million head, 5 percent above the same quarter a year earlier but 1 percent below two years ago.

If Nebraska producers carry out farrowing intentions, the number of sows to farrow during the winter quarter, at 160,000, would be up 14 percent from a year ago but unchanged from two years ago.

The 170,000 sows expected to farrow during the spring quarter would be 6 percent more than the corresponding period last year and up 10 percent from two years ago.

North Carolina:

All hogs and pigs on North Carolina farms December 1, 2000 totaled 9.4 million head, 4% below the September 1, 2000 inventory and 1% below the level at this time last year.

The inventory consisted of 1% less market hogs than last December, totaling 8.4 million head. Breeding stock, at 1.0 million head, was unchanged from the previous year.

North Carolina ranks 2nd nationally in the total number of hogs and pigs behind Iowa's 15.4 million head. Minnesota is a distant 3rd with 5.8 million head inventory.

The State's pig crop during the September - November 2000 period totaled 4,762,000 head, 5% above the same months last year. These pigs were produced by 535,000 sows, 3% more than last year.

Pigs saved per litter averaged 8.9 compared to last year's 8.75 litter size.

North Carolina producers intend to farrow 540,000 sows from December 2000 - February 2001 and 540,000 during March - May 2001.

If these intentions materialize, farrowings will be up 2% and unchanged respectively from the same periods last year.

Ohio:

Ohio hog producers had 1,420,000 hogs on hand December 1, 2001 down 5 percent from a year earlier, and 3 percent below last quarter.

The number of market hogs, at 1,260,000 head, was down 5 percent from last year and 3 percent below last quarter.

Breeding stock, at 160,000 head, remained the same as last quarter, but down 6 percent from last year.

The pig crop during the September-November 2001 quarter numbered 635,000 head, down 2 percent from last year and 4 percent below last quarter.

The number of sows farrowed during the September-November 2000 quarter at 73,000 was 1,000 below last quarter and last year.

Pigs saved per litter averaged 8.70 and was down from the same period last year and last quarter. Ohio producers intend to farrow 71,000 sows during the December-February 2002 quarter; 2,000 head less than a year earlier.

Farrowing intentions for the spring quarter, March-May 2002, is 70,000 sows; 3,000 head less than the same quarter of 2001.

South Carolina:

Hogs and pigs on South Carolina farms as of December 1, 2001, are estimated at 320,000 head. This is 10 percent above the 290,000 head on December 1, 2000, according to the South Carolina Agricultural Statistics Service.

Of the total hog inventory on December 1, 30,000 were breeding hogs, up 20 percent from 2000 and 290,000 were market hogs, 9 percent above the 265,000 on hand a year earlier.

Sows farrowed December 2000 - November 2001 was 55,000, up 4 percent from the previous year.

The average litter rate for the year was 8.87 pigs per litter, compared to 8.81 a year ago. Total pig crops was 488,000, up 4 percent from the previous year.

The number of operations with hogs was 700, the same as the previous year.

Tennessee:

Tennessee’s total hog and pig inventory declined for the seventh consecutive year to a historic low 225,000 head on December 1, 2001.

This was a decrease of 2 percent from December 1, 2000. Although the number of operations remained the same as last year, inventory levels are at their lowest since records began in 1867.

The December 1, 2001, inventory breakdown and comparison to 2000 is as follows: breeding hogs, 30,000 head, down 14%; market hogs, 195,000 head, unchanged.

Weight group comparisons show pigs weighing less than 60 pounds up 7 percent; 60-119 pounds, down 10 percent; 120-179 pounds, up 8 percent, and 180 pounds and over, down 9 percent from December 1, 2000.

Tennessee producers farrowed 53,000 sows from December 2000 through November 2001, compared to 67,000 sows which farrowed during the same period a year earlier.

Tennessee’s annual litter rate of 8.36 was slightly better than 2000’s annual rate of 8.28. This excellent rate produced a pig crop of 443,000 head, 20 percent less than the previous year.

During 2001, there were 1,500 operations with one or more hogs in Tennessee (having at least one pig at any time during the period December 2000 through November 2001).

This compares with a total of 3,000 operations 5 years ago.

Texas:

The December 1, 2001 Texas hog and pig inventory, at 900 thousand head, was down 2 percent from December 2000 number of 920,000 head.

The number of breeding hogs totaled 100,000 head, up 18 percent from last year, according to figures released by the Texas Agricultural Statistics Service.

The December 1 market hog inventory decreased to 800,000 and head, 88.9 percent of the total hog and pig inventory.

The inventory of market hogs weighing less than 60 pounds, at 255,000 head, increased 19 percent from the previous year.

The inventory of hogs weighing 60 to 119 pounds, at 145 ,000 head, was down 17 percent from the December 2000 inventory.

Market hogs weighing 120 to 179 pounds, totaled 170,000 head, a 15 percent decrease from last year, and hogs weighing 180 pounds or more, at 230,000 head, decreased 6 percent.

The 2001 Texas pig crop totaled 1.42 million head, 2 percent less than the 2000 pig crop. From December 2000 through November 2001, pigs per litter averaged 8.82, down 2 percent from the previous year.

State Statistician, Robin Roark, reported that 161,000 sows farrowed in Texas during December 2000 through November 2001, compared to 154,000 the previous year.

Source: USDA Regional offices - 28 December 2001