USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report - June 2009 (Updated)

This quarter's quarterly Hogs and Pigs report from the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
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This document aims to pull together, in one place of reference, all the various information generated by the USDA Quarterly report. Included in this document are:

USDA Quarterly Report: June 2009 What It All Means - Expert Commentary In The News - What The Media Says Graph Data From The Report Hog Inventories by State (external link - select State and navigate to file)

For a PRINTABLE VERSION of the full 23 page report in PDF format, including all the tabular data which is not shown in this article, Click Here

USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report: June 2009

U.S. Hog Inventory down Two Per Cent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on 1 June 2009 was 66.1 million head. This was down two per cent from 1 June 2008 but up one per cent from 1 March 2009.

Breeding inventory, at 5.97 million head, was down three per cent from last year and down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.1 million head, was down two per cent from last year but up one per cent from last quarter.

The March-May 2009 pig crop, at 28.5 million head, was down slightly from 2008 but up two per cent from 2007. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, down three per cent from 2008 and down two per cent from 2007. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 per cent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.61 for the March-May 2009 period, compared to 9.38 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.70 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

US Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Inventory: 1 June

US hog producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during the June-August 2009 quarter, down three per cent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2008 and down five per cent from 2007. Intended farrowings for September-November 2009, at 2.96 million sows, are down two per cent from 2008 and down seven per cent from 2007.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 per cent of the total US hog inventory, up from 41 per cent last year.


All inventory and pig crop estimates for June 2008 through March 2009 were reviewed using slaughter, death loss and current import and export data. Based on this review, adjustments of less than one percent were made to the December 2008 total inventory and March 2009 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one and a half percent was made to the September-November 2008 pig crop.

What It All Means - Expert Commentary

What the commentators and industry thinkers read into this data:

Ron Plain Ron Plain and Glenn Grimes
Grimes & Plain on the Hogs and Pigs Report
There were no big surprises in the USDA's June Hogs & Pigs Report, write Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain.

Steve Meyer Steve Meyer, Paragon Economics, Inc
Market Preview: No Relief in Pig Crop Report
Last Friday's Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report did little to allay fears that the North American pork industry is in for another year of economic difficulty, writes Steve Meyer, Ph.D., Paragon Economics, Inc.

Jim Long Jim Long
Pork Commentary: June Pigs and Hogs Report
The USDA June Hogs and Pigs Report had no surprises. The USA has fewer sows and fewer pigs, but is it good enough for a bounce in this market? writes Jim Long.

Shane Ellis Shane Ellis, Iowa State University
Swine Industry Continues to Retract
The US swine industry continued on its course of retraction in the first half of this year, writes Shane Ellis.

More to follow soon...

In The News - What The Media Says

More to follow soon.....

Graph Data from the Report

US Quarterly Litter Rate

US Pigs per Litter
By Size of Operation, March-May 2009

US Quarterly Sows Farrowed

US Quarterly Pig Crop

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 March

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 June

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 September

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 December

Reliability of 1 March Hogs and Pigs Estimates

To review this information, including the Survey Procedures, Estimation Procedures, Revision Policy and Reliability, please download the PDF

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report, June 2009 - USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

June 2009
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