USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report - June 2010 [Updated]

This quarter's Hogs Quarterly and Pigs report from the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
calendar icon 25 June 2010
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This document aims to pull together, in one place of reference, all the various information generated by the USDA Quarterly report. This document includes:

For a PRINTABLE VERSION of the full 23-page report in PDF format, including all the tabular data which is not shown in this article, please click here

USDA Quarterly Pigs and Hogs Report: June 2010

US Hog Inventory Down Four Per Cent

US inventory of all hogs and pigs on 1 June 2010 was 64.4 million head. This was down four per cent from 1 June 2009 but up one per cent from 1 March 2010.

Breeding inventory, at 5.79 million head, was down three per cent from last year but up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 58.6 million head, was down four per cent from last year but up one per cent from last quarter.

The March-May 2010 pig crop, at 28.2 million head, was down three per cent from 2009 and down two per cent from 2008. Sows farrowing during this period totalled 2.87 million head, down five per cent from 2009 and down six per cent from 2008. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 per cent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.81 for the March-May 2010 period, compared to 9.61 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.70 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.90 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

US Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Inventory
1 June

US hog producers intend to have 2.89 million sows farrow during the June-August 2010 quarter, down two per cent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2009 and down six per cent from 2008. Intended farrowings for September-November 2010, at 2.90 million sows, are down 1 per cent from 2009 and down four per cent from 2008.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 44 per cent of the total US hog inventory, down from 46 per cent last year.


All inventory and pig crop estimates for June 2009 through March 2010 were reviewed using slaughter, death loss and current import and export data. Based on this review, adjustments of less than one per cent were made to the December 2009 total inventory and March 2010 total inventory. An adjustment of two per cent was made to the September-November 2009 pig crop.

What the commentators and industry thinkers read into this data:

Ron Plain Ron Plain and Glenn Grimes
Grimes & Plain on the Hogs and Pigs Report
USDA's June hogs and pigs report was a bit more bullish short term and more bearish long term than the pre-release trade forecasts, writes Ron Plain.

Mike Brumm Dr Mike Brumm, Brumm Swine Consultancy
Commentary: Dr Mike Brumm on latest Hogs and Pigs Report
Many other commentaries regarding the latest hogs and pigs report have noted the lack of surprise in this report relative to the expected numbers, writes Dr Mike Brumm.

Steve Meyer Steve Meyer, Paragon Economics, Inc
Market Preview: Friendly Pig Crop Report
Economist Steve Meyer writes, "Friday’s quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report contained few surprises, but a few interesting numbers that should be carefully noted as producers make plans for the coming months."

Jim Long Jim Long
Pork Commentary - USDA I June Hogs and Pigs Report
The Market inventory shows a year over year decline of around 1.8 million head, writes Jim Long.

Shane Ellis Shane Ellis, Iowa State University
June Hog and Pig Report Summary
The second quarter of 2010 was a healing period of many hog producers, writes Shane Ellis

Chris Hurt Chris Hurt, Purdue University
Pork Outlook Brightens
Chris Hurt comments on the latest USDA Hogs and Pigs report.

More to follow soon...

In The News - What The Media Says

More to follow soon.....

Graph Data from the Report

US Quarterly Litter Rate

US Pigs per Litter
By Size of Operation, March-May 2010

US Quarterly Sows Farrowed

US Quarterly Pig Crop

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 March

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 June

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 September

US Hog Inventory & Market Hogs
1 December

Reliability of 1 June Hogs and Pigs Estimates

To review this information, including the Survey Procedures, Estimation Procedures, Revision Policy and Reliability, please download the PDF.

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report, June 2010 - USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

June 2010
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