Biosecurity and Security - Two Guides For Pork Producers

By the US National Pork Board - Both security and biosecurity procedures are important for minimizing the risk of intentional or unintentional introduction of pathogens to your farm. The following two guides will help producers evaluate their farms by identifying their strengths and weaknesses in both areas and help with the development of plans to address areas that need improvement.
calendar icon 29 April 2002
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Biosecurity Guide For Pork Producers

Preventing the introduction of disease agents is a continuous challenge for pork producers and veterinarians. When a farm or site is affected by disease the impact can be devastating to the health of the swine and the producer’s bottom line.

If a foreign animal disease were to overcome the biosecurity safeguards we have placed on our farms and our country, it would have a devastating effect on all pork producers.

To protect their own interests and those of their colleagues, producers need to initiate an appropriate level of biosecurity on their farms. A good biosecurity program helps to lower the risk of pathogens being transferred from farm to farm.

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Security Guide for Pork Producers

This guide is focused on farm security issues. The goal of this guide is to provide pork producers with an extensive checklist of security procedures that could be implemented at the farm level. This guide is designed and intended for internal use within a farm or production system. It would not be practical, nor is it recommended, for every farm to implement all of these procedures.

Producers need to review their operation and determine which recommendations are appropriate for them. This checklist is intended to be a tool from which individual producers can select relevant security procedures to create a farm-specific security program.

The security of your farm can be compromised in any of three ways. First, intruders could "break in" to your farm using forced entry. Second, someone using false identification could covertly gain access to your farm. Third, an employee or other person who already has access to the facility can intentionally harm your farm. Considering all crimes, external crimes account for about 25-50% of all losses, while internal crimes account for 50-70% of all losses.

Managing risk is important when developing your security plan. No farm will be able to protect itself against all possible risks. Risk management is the process by which you anticipate or recognize risks to your operation and then intervene to remove the risk or decrease the risk to an acceptable level. Risk can be avoided (lock valuables in a safe), reduced (improve lighting), spread (implement a surveillance system), transferred (purchase an insurance policy), or accepted. Try to not accept any unnecessary risks when developing your security plan; however, realize that some risk must always be accepted. A successful security program should be economical, effective, and efficient.

The following security checklist is intentionally extensive. Most likely, no producer will be able to implement all the procedures listed below. Select all applicable procedures to develop a security program tailored to your farm or production system.

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